Costume of India regionwise

Traditional clothing in India varies with region, religion and community. Every state of India has its own culture,traditionas and traditional clothing in lifestyle
to follow and to celebrate fairs and festivals with these traditions. Festival season is the best way to explore India and its culture, which is unique in every state. India is a land of color and diverse cultures, so obvious in the varied dresses that adorn its people.

Uttar Bharat: North India, The region bless with a culture from nature itself. This region includes Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana.

The most popular outfit of females in Jammu and Kashmir is the phiran. Phiran are long, loose dresses that cover their body. These dresses are designed with colourful flower elements and styles.

The traditional wear of Uttarakhand is a long skirt known as Ghagri which is worn with a choli and Orni. Both Kumaoni and Garhwali women wear this dress.

Hariyanavi wear Their basic trousseau includes 'Damaan', 'Kurti' & 'Chunder'. 'Chunder' is the long, coloured piece of cloth, decorated with shiny laces, meant to cover the head and is drawn in the front like the 'pallav' of the saree. Kurti is a shirt like blouse, usually white in colour. The 'Daaman' is the flairy ankle-long skirt, in striking colours.

Himachal Costumes of Rajput or Brahmin women are very traditional. They usually wear kurtas, rahide and Ghagra Lehenga Choli. Most of the farmers and women working put on a loincloth, kurta and a traditional cap. During special occasions like parties, marriages and festivals, they wear new Kurta Pyjamas. The Chamba people love adornment.

Churidar and Kurta is the most commonly worn costume among Punjabi women. This is the traditional dress of Punjab women. Phulkari is commonly seen in most Punjabi costumes. It is a type of flower work or a unique kind of embroidery specific to this region. It represents and typical costume of women living in rural Punjab and is quite unlike the later day Phulkari styling used by modern Punjabi women.
Magadha Empire: The Magadha region was expanded from Eastern Uttar Pradesh to the Bihar and most of the Sikkim and Bengal. These state are synonymous of rich culture,traditions and heritage sites of India.
Bihari men wear dhoti/pyjama with shirt/kurta. They wear beaded necklace.Women wear sarees.

The graceful icon of elegance that symbolises the quintessential Bengali woman is the Saree, which they prefer to drape in typical Bengali fashion. Dhotis are commonly worn by men. The dress is a long loincloth made of silk or cotton. Dhoti forms a traditional dress for men in West Bengal.
The Kho or Bakhu is a traditional dress worn by ethnic
Sikkimese people
Sikkim. It is a loose, cloak-style garment that is fastened at the neck on one side and near the waist with a silk or cotton belt similar to the Tibetan chuba and to the Ngalop gho of Bhutan, but sleeveless.

Sister States: The Seven Sister States includes Assam, Arunachal Pradesh,Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura. These North east states of India has beautiful and very unique culture,traditions and lifestyle.People of these states has a different traditional dresses and costumes,which only can be explore during the fair and festival season. The real culture and traditions of sister states are still alive and followed by the young generation.

Women wear a sleeveless chemise with an embroidered, full-sleeves jacket, along with a petticoat or skirt. The attire is never usually complete without ‘Mushaiks’ or waistcoat. A skull- cap filled with Yak hair, called as the ‘Gurdam’, adds elegance to the overall attire.Belts are an important part of costumes for women, both in daily wear and ceremonial dresses, and in fact, is a symbolic representation of the social and marital status of girl. Unmarried and married Adi women wear different types of belts around their waist.
Mekhela chador is the traditional Assamese dress worn by women. It is worn by women of all ages except the children.
One of the most common traditional costumes for women in Manipur includes a shawl known as Innaphi, a Phanek which is worn around a skirt named sarong. Phanek is another traditional dress of Manipuri women that is worn like a sarong. It is a hand woven dress. There is a special Phanek that is called as Mayek Naibi, which has attractive horizontal stripes. Women look beautiful after wearing this dress. Kanap Phanek is a skirt which is stitched with the traditional cloth of Meitai females. Though there are many costumes worn during rituals, the major ones are ‘Lai-phi’ (an attractive white cloth having yellow border) and ‘Chin-phi’ (available with an embroidered Phanek).
Unique clothing of Meghalaya represents the ethnicity of local tribes known as Garo tribe, Jaintias and Khasi.The traditional clothing for women is called as Jainsen which is not stitched costume. It needs to be covered around the body to wear it. It is designed and woven from the mulberry silk which is cultivated in this area. The glory of the dress is Endi Slik shawal.
Mizo women love to beautify themselves in Puran, which is the most favorite dress in Mizoram. Puanchei is the beautiful costume of girls, mostly worn during festivals like Pawl Kut and Chapchar Kut. Its shades are white and black. The black area of the attire is created from the synthetic fur. Women wear the outfit in special occasion to beautify themselves. Kawrchei is a magnificent blouse. It is made of cotton material and hand woven. The blouse is commonly worn with Paunchei while dancing. Previously, these cloths were made by hands, but now they are manufactured by the high-quality machines. The cloths are designed from the cotton and hues are designed by "Ting’.
Clothing of Nagaland comprises a wide variety of shawls. There is an ornate warrior celebrating type of shawl, known as Tsungkotepsu is a feature of the Aos clan. Instead of the shawl, the typical working clothing is a kilt commonly of black color. It looks stunning on both men and women and popular for its unique style in Nagaland. The shawl is embroidered with exceptional cowries.
The usual costume for men in Tripura is a loose cloth resembling a towel known as Rikutu Gamcha worn with a shirt known as Kubai. During the summer months, people put on a turban or pagri over their head to protect themselves from excessive heat and humid.
women cover themselves in a large piece of cloth called as Rinai. It is draped all across the waist till the knees. Women also put on a short size of cloth known as Risa. Most of the Risas are designed with gorgeous embroideries
Tribal States:
The tribal states of central India includes Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh,Orissa and Jharkhand. These states are very rich in flora and fauna, along with a distinct life style close with the nature. Culture and traditions vary from place to place, even inside the states. The jungle people also known as Adivasi are the native residence of these states. The tribes are the treasure of this region, who live along with the nature and celebrate the nature.
Chhattisgarh is rich in its cultural heritage.The dresses they wear are all colorful. Women too wear sarees with Kardhani.

Most of the men in Madhya Pradesh wear Dhoti as it is a traditional dress. Safa is a type of turban, which is commonly worn by males. There is a black or white jacket called as Mirzai or Bandi, which is attractive attire, particularly in Malwa and Bundelkhand. Most of the women in Madhya Pradesh wear Lehenga and Choli. There is another clothing i.e. Lugra or Orni covered over the shoulder and head. Black and red are the most prominent colors which you can see in women’s dresses.

The village folk of Orissa wear the traditional dress of dhoti and Dhoti, kurta with a Gamucha for men and sari for women.

The traditional clothing for women in Jharkhand is saree and blouse. Females can be seen wearing colorful, designed and well-maintained sarees. Tribal women wear Parthan and Panchi.
The Dravida: South India, A beautiful world of traditions, culture, people and bless with nature. The Deccan Plateau region is very wast and shared multi language culture and true color of India.
The most traditional costume for the men of Kerala is the “Mundu” which is mostly white in colour. It is worn tightly at the waist with a knot and comes down till the feet. Women following Hinduism wear a blouse and mundu known as “Mundu neriyathu”. Women following Christianity wear a blouse known as “chatta” and a mundu that folds nicely like a fan at the back. Women following Islam wear a long purdah in deep blue or black shades over their dress, mostly in the central and northern parts of Kerala.
The main dress of Karnataka men is a 'lungi' worn below the waist beneath a shirt. A 'angavastram', a silk or cotton muffler is sported on the neck covering the shoulders. Women invariably wear sarees, the unstitched piece of cloth used to drape the body.  The Kodavas or the people of Kodagu have their own distinct dresses. The men wear their native costume with pride, resplendent with ornamental sashes, swords and daggers, black robes or tunics and gold trimmed turbans for festivals or weddings. Kodava women drape the saree in reverse, with the pleats at the back, 'pallu' pinned on the shoulder, the fringe to the front. Decorative headscarves are worn on formal occasions.

The traditional costume for the Tamil Nadu women are saree and blouse, while for the men, the traditional costume comprises of lungi or dhoti as the lower garment, and angavasthram as the upper garment. Lungi is worn like a sarong.  Saree, blouse, half saree are traditional costume for women. They prefer to drape heavy Kanchipuram saree. Extra bit of pallu created which is worn around waist. Saree is the rectangular piece of cloth which is 5 to 6 yards in length.
Traditional attire is Pancha, Chokka, Kanduva whether it is in Andhra, Telangana or Rayalaseema regions.The traditional attire of muslims is sherwani and pyjama.
Women: Saree and Blouse is the traditional attire but is worn differently in different regions.While the saree is worn in the regular pattern in cities women in rural telangana wear it in "gochi style".The tribal and rural women of Srikakulam and some of the Coastal Andhra regions drape the saree differently which is worn a little above the ankle and the pallu is taken over the right shoulder from back to front..Young teenage girls wear " Parikini Voni" which is a long skirt and blouse on which a half saree is draped.

Western Region: The region is the entrance of India "The Gateway of India", This region is bless with natural beauty and the spectacular cultural. Every culture has a history to narrate and a costume to recognize. This region includes Gujarat, Maharashtra Goa and Rajasthan.

The Guajarati dressing style is quite cultural but at the same time, it reflects the changes which the state has gone through since decades. The main outfit which Guajarati males wear is Chorno & Kediyu.The Women wear Chaniyo & Choli.
Men wear dhoti with kurta or shirt, which is a famous costume throughout Maharashtra. They also put on bandi over their shirt and there is a turban known as ‘pagadi’ and ‘pheta’. During the festive seasons, men wear Ackan, Suvar, Churidar and Pyjama.The 9 yard sari for women is known as Nauvari.
It has a resemblance like trousers.

Women of Rajasthan wear a long skirt called Ghaghra, Choli or Kurti (blouses and tops) with an Odhini. The Ghaghra reaches above the ankle that has a narrow waist increasing the flared and width to the base. Ghaghra is commonly unfolded from the lower end such as usual skirts. The turban called Pagri, Pyjamas, Angarkha, Dhoti, Waistband (Patka) and Kamarbandh are integral clothing of men in Rajasthan.

The traditional clothing for men and women in Goa is almost similar to other south Indian states. Women like to wear a nine yard sari called as ‘Nav-Vari’ with stunning jewelleries. There is another traditional costume for females i.e. ‘Pano Bhaju’. It looks stunning in women

  \Kirgi (sari) and Baju (blouse).
The Kirgi is a traditional type of saree draping of Konkani womens. It was wrapped around the body from the waist down. A jacket with long sleeves called a Baju is used in the upper part of the body and veil is covered upon that in the V shape. This dress was a sign of the bride's virginity and was worn during the Ros ceremony in Konkani Christians and during wedding ceremony in Konkani Hindus. The Kirgi was wrapped around the waist, but the end of the sari is not thrown over the shoulder. To wear the sari with its end thrown over the shoulder, known as Worl, is the exclusive right of a married woman.


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